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I hope my post on Unusual Historicals won’t drive my scientifically minded friends too crazy. I’m using the term astronomy to describe a natural philosophy closer to today’s astrology. But early medieval scholars called their study of the universe astronomy.

They saw similar phenomena as today’s stargazers do—eclipses, comets, planets, constellations—but it was for a different purpose. Well, sort of. Astronomers throughout the ages sought explanations for their observations. Today’s scientists look at forces such as gravity. In the Middle Ages, scholars were trying to figure out Gods’ will and believed unusual events in the sky were omens.

See my post for more on how Carolingians saw the universe.

Ninth century diagrams

Ninth century diagrams show the division of the day and the week (public domain, via Wikimedia Commons).